However, large amounts of nutrients in the water can cause problems such as algae blooms. Pdf clean watersheds needs survey 2012 report to congress. It is considered the main cause of ever rising cases of respiratory system problems and diseases, like asthma and cancer. In fact, the effects of water pollution are said to be the leading cause of death for humans across the globe, moreover, water pollution affects our oceans, lakes, rivers, and drinking water, making it a widespread and global concern scipeeps, 2009. Causes and consequences of water pollution learn how the pollution of rivers, seas and lakes endanger the survival of the planet and all its inhabitants water is a basic resource that guarantees the life of all living beings on the planet. Water pollution is a major problem in the global context. Pollution causes and effects pollution is the modern day scourge that has affected the various facets of modern life. Categorized study of pollution helps to understand the basics in more detail and produce protocols for the specific types. This is a reading guide for students to complete along with reading an article regarding air pollution facts, causes and the effects of air pollution. Environment, essays and paragraphs on february 25, 2017 by teamwork.
Environmental pollution has its own causes, effects and solutions. Pdf causes, effects and solution of water polution. Water pollution occurs when a body of water becomes contaminated. Water pollution can disrupt and negatively impact natures water cycle as well. Water pollution causes approximately 14,000 deaths per day, mostly due to contamination of drinking water by untreated.
The causes and effects of water pollution are very real and something that needs to be continually addressed. In big cities we witness hazy skies creating problems for the inhabitants and causing numerous diseases. Causes and effects of environmental pollution help save. Causes and effects of industrial water pollution you never noticed. Pollution is of different kinds depending on the nature of pollutants and pollutions. A study on the causes of water pollution and its effects. The effects can be catastrophic, depending on the kind of chemicals, concentrations of the pollutants and where there are polluted. Immediately after the independence, major steps were taken in our country. Water covers 70% of the earths surface and makes up over 60% of the human body. The contamination could be caused by physical debris such as plastic water bottles or rubber tires, or it could be chemical such as the runoff that finds its way into waterways from factories, farms, cities, cars, sewage treatment facilities, and air pollution. Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies e. As for the effects of water pollution, these include a large number of water borne diseases, ranging from diarrhea and. Water pollution from agriculture has direct negative impacts on human health.
Soil pollution types, effects, sources and control of soil pollution soil pollution soil pollution is defined as, contamination of soil by human and natural activities which may cause harmful effect on living organisms. It includes by pollutant such as chemicals, bacteria and oil seepage that effects the purity of water. Water pollution is when waste, chemicals, or other particles cause a body of water i. Rapid industrialization is another cause of worry as far as water pollution is concerned. Attains parent cause category summaries january 2016 report no. Effects of water pollution in india water pollution can have some tremendouslyadverse effect on the health of any and every life form living in the vicinity of the polluted water body or using. Polluted water has effects on both human and aquatic life.
Pdf causes, effects and solution of water polution abdul azeem. Environmental pollution is any discharge of material or energy into water, land, or air that causes or may cause acute shortterm or chronic longterm detriment to the earths ecological balance or that lowers the quality of life. The answer to solving pollution is to make changes in our daily habits and pay more attention to the types of products we consume. Each of these types has its own distinctive causes and consequences. Since water is one of the building blocks of life, we have but no choice to consume the same water in adequacy. Water pollution from agriculture food and agriculture organization. You will notice in the previous pages that water pollution is very harmful to humans, animals and water life. Oil does not dissolve in water so it causes suffocation in fish and birds. As mention in the name we can easily understand that water pollution is the big types of pollution. The effects of pollution on human beings and aquatic communities are many and varied. Cause and effect of water pollution in india rajdeep kaur environmental science 101 professor mark ditter october 8, 2014 abstract water is one of the natural resources that human beings are polluting. It increases the temperature of the water causes the death of aquatic fauna and marine species, which later results of water pollution. Broadly, environmental pollution consists of six basic types of pollution, i.
Causes, effects and solutions to environmental pollution. Cause and effect of water pollution 1879 words cram. Read more about ammonia pollution effects and what you can do to. The content of sulfur dioxide emitted from the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and other flammable materials from the production is one of the main causes of. A longer exposure to radioactive radiations can damage the dna cells that results in cancer, genetic defects for the generations to come and even death. When water pollution causes an algal bloom in a lake or marine environment, the proliferation of newly introduced nutrients stimulates plant and algae growth, which in turn reduces oxygen levels. Agricultural sources, thermal pollution discharge of hot water by thermal power plants cause deficiency of dissolved oxygen in water and underground water pollution. Toxins in industrial waste are the major cause of immune suppression, reproductive failure and acute poisoning. Attains parent cause category summaries, adapted from doc.
Looking at specifics, human ingestion of water polluted with arsenic can cause cancer of the lungs, liver, and bladder. Water pollution causes and effects the major portion of our planet is occupied by water. Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies like oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, aquifers, and groundwater usually caused due to human activities. The food chain is damaged when toxins are in the water, the toxins travel from the water the animals drink to humans when the animals meat is eaten. Industrial water pollution is caused by the discharge of harmful chemicals and compounds into water, which makes it unsuitable for drinking and other purposes. Causes, effects, and solutions for today and tomorrow since people living in the twentyfirst century have the likelihood of experiencing the effects of harmful pollution, looking at the causes of this water and air pollution is definitely vital in halting its devastating consequences. Abdul azeemtextile processingntu water pollution introduction what is water pollution. The present study investigates the level of awareness about water pollution in delhi, its causes, its health effects and solutions among the youth in delhi. It has negative effects on the living and also on the environment. What are the effects of water pollution eschooltoday. An excessive amount of mercury in water can cause minamata disease in humans and dropsy in fishes. Water pollution causes flooding due to the accumulation of solid waste and soil erosion in streams and rivers.
Causes and effects of industrial water pollution you never. Water pollution has become a huge problem in many countries today. Environmental pollution, types, causes, impact and. The radiations destroy the cells in human body and causes cancer. Looking into these will help you identify the causes and what steps you can take to mitigate those effects.
Olaniran 1995 defined water pollution to be presence of excessive amounts of a hazard pollutants in water in such a way that it is no long suitable for drinking, bathing, cooking and other uses. Environmental pollution can be defined as a change that is not wished or desired in the chemical, physical, or biological characteristics of any component of the environment air, water, and soil which can cause harmful effects on various or many forms of life. It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases and that it accounts. Effects of nuclear pollution the effects vary from organism to organism and from level of radioactivity of nuclear isotopes. Causes and effects of water pollution environment insider. Some water pollution effects are recognized immediately, whereas others dont show up for months or years. Water pollution facts, types, causes and effects of water. The dangers of polluted water increases when people unknowingly use polluted water for daily purposes. Water is an essential component of the environment, the life cycle and the human body. Today, we have brought you the causes and effects of it. Water pollution is any change in the physical, chemical or biological properties of water that will have a detrimental consequence of any living organism. Main types of pollution effects and causes of pollution. Effects, prevention, and climatic impact intechopen.
Water pollution is any chemical, physical or biological change in the quality of water that has a harmful effect on any living thing that drinks or uses or lives in it. The major water pollution causes and also the effects are listed here. Water pollution is the contamination of water in water bodies such as rivers, oceans, lakes and swamps. The major causes of water pollution include sewage and other oxygendemanding wastes, urbanization, agrochemical wastes, thermal pollution, industrial wastes, nutrient enrichment, acid rain pollution, oil spillage, the disruption of sediments. Water involves the contamination of various water bodies. Environment pollution is the addition of contaminants into the natural environment that causes detrimental effects to nature, natural resources and mankind. Introduction addis ababa is located within the akaki river basin, which covers an area of 11 454 km 2 ebba 2006. Land pollution is common, and it is important for us all to know about its crippling effects. Algae is a general term for small, chlorophyll containing plants such. The causes and effects are often interwoven in complex webs of social, technological, environmental and. Pdf environmental pollution causes and consequences.
Soil pollution types, effects, sources and control of. Any unnatural and negative changes in all the dimensions like chemical, physical and biological characteristics of. The direct influence is through the physical effects of climatic extremes, whereas the indirect means include the influence on the intensities or level of pollution in the air, on the marine and freshwater systems that provide food and water, as well as the pathogens that cause infectious diseases. This means that one or more substances have built up in water to the extent of causing problems to people, animals and. Water pollution affects marine ecosystems, wildlife health, and human wellbeing. Pdf on jan 1, 2016, asha gupta and others published water pollution sources, effects and control find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Effects of water pollution water pollution has a duel effect on nature. Water pollution, the release of substances such as chemicals or microorganisms and energy in the form of radioactivity or heat into surface and subsurface waters to the point where they interfere with beneficial use of the water or with the natural functioning of ecosystems. Information about the types, causes, and effects of water pollution.
When the quality or composition of water changes directly or indirectly as a result of mans activities such that it becomes unfit for any useful purpose is said to be polluted. Pdf causes and health effects of water pollution in domestic. Causes and effects of water pollution go green academy. This vast portion of natural resource has become container for numerous waste materials.778 484 1573 528 1650 1300 908 777 249 604 441 1104 561 1435 911 1441 746 268 91 323 1206 1434 1140 143 861 1114 231 1649 1496 412 301 1377 1312 421 292 587 1118 1482 1287 624 637