Completed in 1889, the eiffel tower remains a symbolic icon of frances history and the industrial age. Indeed, on the second floor there is a breathtaking view. The eiffel tower is the most visually famous structure in france, perhaps in europe, and has seen over 200 million visitors. I did a huge project in my world history class as a sophomore about gustave eiffel, so i am pretty familiar with all things having to do with the eiffel tower. Over a year later, on april 11, 1888, the towers first floor was completed, followed by the second floor on august 14, 1888. Many visitors queue up to discover one of the most beautiful panoramic views available of the city of paris. Click download or read online button to get eiffel tower book now.
A brief history of the eiffel tower discover walks paris. On the occasion of the coronation of queen elizabeth ii of. This file is licensed under the creative commons attributionshare alike 3. Eiffel tower download ebook pdf, epub, tuebl, mobi. Locating the eiffel tower printable social studies. Learn about one of the most famous structures in the world with our fun eiffel tower facts for kids.
History of the eiffel tower english 015 section 20. Then they found out about the good transmitting with the radio and the television. In the 1950s the eiffel tower grew an additional 24m, allowing it to overtake the chrysler building and once more claim the title of tallest freestanding structure on the planet. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. In the early 1980s, these restaurants were replaced when the tower underwent major renovations. The first name of the person who designed and built the eiffel tower. Read the amazing eiffel tower history and facts of this majestic landmark which almost never got built history of the eiffel tower. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in. Even though the people of paris didnt like the tower, they got to like it, so did the tourist. The city had planned to tear it down part of the original contest rules for designing a tower was that it should be easy to dismantle but as the tower proved to be valuable for communication purposes. The third level observatory is 276 metres 906 feet above ground level. One model purported to be based on eiffels writing does not give a tower with.
Where you can watch movies about the history of the tower. Eiffel tower, at a height of 300 m, and the pantheon across a distance of. Learn how tall the eiffel tower is, how much it weighs, why it was built, who it is named after, how much is sways in the wind and much more. The eiffel tower is one of the best known monuments in the world today and yet, when it was first created, it was considered an eyesore. This combined expression of strength and lightness is characteristic of the few truly great structures in the world, and the eiffel tower definitely belongs to this group.
Its as been the symbol of france and paris for decades. Of the 40 or so replicas of the eiffel tower, only two are full size. Media in category architectural drawings of the eiffel tower the following 50 files are in this category, out of 50 total. His family was of a germanic origin witb tbe name boenickhausen. You can buy these in the eiffel towers post office. This 324 meters high iron lattice tower was named after its engineer alexandre gustave eiffel. This bundle contains 11 readytouse eiffel tower worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about one of the the eiffel tower which is one of the most famous and wellknown monuments in modern history and is the source of.
It was at the 1889 exposition universelle, the date that marked the 100th anniversary of the french revolution, that a. In this article, i want to share a brief history of the eiffel tower. The first digging work started on the 28th january 1887. Discover the evolution and the history of the paris eiffel tower. It has been visited by roughly 243,376,000 people between its opening in 1889 through the end of 2008 official site, 2008.
History, construction, and controversy surrounding the. However it was not accepted by all at first, and a petition of 300 names. Built for the 1889 worlds fair in paris, the eiffel tower is a 1,000foot tall wrought iron tower, considered an architectural wonder and one of the worlds most recognizable structures. The prince of wales, later king edward vii of england, opened the tower. The plan to build a tower 300 metres high was conceived as part of preparations for the worlds fair of 1889. Read on to learn about the history of the spectacular eiffel tower.
Eiffel tower historical facts and pictures the history hub. Here is the fascinating story behind the eiffel tower. Fourth graders will learn a bunch of such interesting facts about this famous monument in this free, printable social studies worksheet for kids. During its construction, the eiffel tower surpassed the washington monument to become the tallest manmade structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years. This guarantees dramatic and memorable perspectives of trees and blossoms during the spring. The tower was a mark of celebration for the 100 years anniversary of the french revolution. Now the eiffel tower is a major tourist attraction, and one of. Pdf the design and construction of the eiffel tower was based, in part, on a uniform horizontal. Pdf modified shape of the eiffel tower determined for an. History, construction, and controversy surrounding the eiffel tower the eiffel tower is one of frances most notable landmarks and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The eiffel tower would be useful for classes on european history, the history of science and technology, geography and cultural history. Although alexandre gustave eiffel is often credited for this marvelous creation, the actual concept was originated in one of his employees, maurice koechlin.
Yet it wasnt supposed to be permanent and the fact it still stands is down to a willingness to accept new technology which was how the. The wager was to study the possibility of erecting an iron tower on the champdemars with a square base, 125 metres across and 300. From enchanting art nouveau entrances to its ethereal gothic cathedrals, the capital city showcases french architecture at its finestwith, of course, the iconic eiffel tower at the forefront. History the eiffel tower is named after the engineer gustave eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower for the 1889 exposition universelle, to celebrate the 100th year anniversary of the french revolution.
One of the most prominent icons of france is the eiffel tower. With flair and marvelously descriptive, youarethere prose, jonnes gives eiffels tower the immediacy that only a talented writer can bestow on history. This new iron technology allowed the eiffel tower to remain the tallest manmade structure from its 1889 completion until 1930 when the chrysler building was completed in new york city. The history of the eiffel tower restaurants official. It is one of the most recognizable structures in the world and is a symbolic image and recognized as purely french but many dont know the entire history of this landmark.
The eiffel tower stands at 1,050 ft tall 320 meters. The eiffel tower was built for the international exhibition of paris of 1889 commemorating the centenary of the french revolution. The final stage was completed on march 31, 1889 just two years, two months, and five days after construction began. Eiffel tower historical facts and pictures erected in 1889, the eiffel tower is an iconic symbol of france. Opened the eiffel tower was inagurated in march but wasnt opened until may. It was envisioned after discussion about a suitable centrepiece for the proposed 1889 exposition universelle, a worlds fair to celebrate the centennial of the french revolution. The eiffel tower was the worlds tallest structure until the construction of the chrysler building in new york in 1930. Philosophy of the design of the eiffel tower abstract. Social studies make a timeline of the construction of the eiffel tower. In 1889 paris hosted a worlds fair to mark the 100year anniversary of. The eiffel tower isnt just a beautiful backdrop for romantic photos and second honeymoons. Pdf the design and construction of the eiffel tower was based, in part, on a uniform horizontal wind model giving 300 kg m. Of the 700 proposals submitted in a design competition, gustave eiffel s was unanimously chosen. Digging work on the site of the eiffel tower began on january 28, 1887.
But when gustave eiffel achieved its construction in 1889, the tower was only meant to be temporary in the parisian landscape and. Eiffel had a permit for the tower to stand for 20 years. This poetic shot of the eiffel tower during the springtime shows how much effort the city of paris puts into maintaining the gardens around the tower. The number of steel workers it took to build the eiffel tower. Thats about the same height as an 81storey building. The eiffel tower history represents a part of national heritage. The tower has three levels, with restaurants on the first and second. The eiffel tower paris, france history of innovation. Pdf model equations for the shape of the eiffel tower are investigated.
Locating the eiffel tower locating the eiffel tower. Fun eiffel tower facts for kids interesting information. French history now menaced, against the erection in the heart of our capital of the useless and monstrous eiffel tower, which public satire, often full of good. Gustave eiffel offered the site of the tower to the minister of.
Powerpoint history of the eiffel tower discusses why the tower was built, the importance of the tower, who built the tower, where the tower is located, the purpose of the tower, how it was constructed, what it was constructed with, and. Modern marvels takes you on a tour of this world famous monument from its inception to the present day. Jonnes rollicking account of the eiffel towers rowdy debut is an occasion for celebration itself. This is how the eiffel tower was constructed alternate. Interesting tidbits the most interesting fact of the tower is as being one of the most iconic images in the world, the eiffel tower has been the inspiration for the creation of over 30 duplicates and similar towers around the world. There are many articles about this iconic monument, which is why ive decided to. It wasnt always so when the eiffel tower was constructed in 1889 for the paris world fair there were plenty of dissenters. Fall in love with this beautiful collection of images and photos of the eiffel tower. But when gustave eiffel achived its construction in 1889, the tower was only meant to be temporary in the parisian landscape and was far from being the parisians favourite landmark. It was to be dismantled in 1909, when its ownership would revert to the city of paris. The tower is one of the most recognizable structures in the world. French structural engineer gustave eiffels tower was designed to be rapidly dismantled within two decades of.
It is named after the engineer, gustave eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower as the entrance to the 1889 exposition universelle, or worlds fair. It was at the 1889 exposition universelle, the date that marked the 100th anniversary of the french revolution, that a great competition was launched in the journal officiel. It was at the 1889 exposition universelle, the date that marked the 100th anniversary of the french revolution, that. You may know the eiffel tower as one of the most famous manmade monuments in the world, and youd be absolutely right. While most will recognize the eiffel tower as the unofficial emblem of paris, not many are aware of its unique history and controversial beginnings.1263 1236 575 1019 757 1458 602 1389 1231 57 700 1504 248 1625 581 931 1344 1262 1239 1193 893 899 17 1576 155 799 885 593 1158 588 752 1046 905 1291 1198