Effects of water pollution water pollution has a duel effect on nature. In fact, the effects of water pollution are said to be the leading cause of death for humans across the globe, moreover, water pollution affects our oceans, lakes, rivers, and drinking water, making it a widespread and global concern scipeeps, 2009. As mention in the name we can easily understand that water pollution is the big types of pollution. Water pollution facts, types, causes and effects of water. Effects of water pollution in india water pollution can have some tremendouslyadverse effect on the health of any and every life form living in the vicinity of the polluted water body or using. The major causes of water pollution include sewage and other oxygendemanding wastes, urbanization, agrochemical wastes, thermal pollution, industrial wastes, nutrient enrichment, acid rain pollution, oil spillage, the disruption of sediments. Water pollution is any chemical, physical or biological change in the quality of water that has a harmful effect on any living thing that drinks or uses or lives in it. Water pollution can disrupt and negatively impact natures water cycle as well. Water covers 70% of the earths surface and makes up over 60% of the human body.
Component % organic mineral matter 45 organic matter 05 soil water 25 soil air 25. Causes and effects of industrial water pollution you never noticed. It has negative effects on the living and also on the environment. Abdul azeemtextile processingntu water pollution introduction what is water pollution. Pdf clean watersheds needs survey 2012 report to congress. In big cities we witness hazy skies creating problems for the inhabitants and causing numerous diseases. Olaniran 1995 defined water pollution to be presence of excessive amounts of a hazard pollutants in water in such a way that it is no long suitable for drinking, bathing, cooking and other uses. The food chain is damaged when toxins are in the water, the toxins travel from the water the animals drink to humans when the animals meat is eaten. Water is an essential component of the environment, the life cycle and the human body.
You will notice in the previous pages that water pollution is very harmful to humans, animals and water life. It is considered the main cause of ever rising cases of respiratory system problems and diseases, like asthma and cancer. Algae is a general term for small, chlorophyll containing plants such. Pdf on jan 1, 2016, asha gupta and others published water. Pdf causes, effects and solution of water polution. It includes by pollutant such as chemicals, bacteria and oil seepage that effects the purity of water. Effects, prevention, and climatic impact intechopen. Rapid industrialization is another cause of worry as far as water pollution is concerned.
The effects can be catastrophic, depending on the kind of chemicals, concentrations of the pollutants and where there are polluted. Water pollution occurs when a body of water becomes contaminated. Information about the types, causes, and effects of water pollution. One of the many causes of water pollution is the point source pollution which are industrial. It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases and that it accounts. Water pollution is the contamination of water in water bodies such as rivers, oceans, lakes and swamps. Causes and effects of industrial water pollution you never. Causes, effects and solutions to environmental pollution. This is a reading guide for students to complete along with reading an article regarding air pollution facts, causes and the effects of air pollution. Water involves the contamination of various water bodies. When water pollution causes an algal bloom in a lake or marine environment, the proliferation of newly introduced nutrients stimulates plant and algae growth, which in turn reduces oxygen levels. Today, we have brought you the causes and effects of it.
Different types of pollution are categorized based on the part of the environment which they affect or result which the particular pollution causes. Each of these types has its own distinctive causes and consequences. Introduction addis ababa is located within the akaki river basin, which covers an area of 11 454 km 2 ebba 2006. Main types of pollution effects and causes of pollution. Water pollution from agriculture food and agriculture organization. Causes, effects, and solutions for today and tomorrow since people living in the twentyfirst century have the likelihood of experiencing the effects of harmful pollution, looking at the causes of this water and air pollution is definitely vital in halting its devastating consequences. This means that one or more substances have built up in water to the extent of causing problems to people, animals and. However, large amounts of nutrients in the water can cause problems such as algae blooms. The effects of air pollution on humans are quite severe. As for the effects of water pollution, these include a large number of water borne diseases, ranging from diarrhea and. Environmental pollution is any discharge of material or energy into water, land, or air that causes or may cause acute shortterm or chronic longterm detriment to the earths ecological balance or that lowers the quality of life. Causes and effects of water pollution environment insider.
The effects of pollution on human beings and aquatic communities are many and varied. Toxins in industrial waste are the major cause of immune suppression, reproductive failure and acute poisoning. Environment pollution is the addition of contaminants into the natural environment that causes detrimental effects to nature, natural resources and mankind. Soil pollution types, effects, sources and control of soil pollution soil pollution soil pollution is defined as, contamination of soil by human and natural activities which may cause harmful effect on living organisms. Broadly, environmental pollution consists of six basic types of pollution, i. Immediately after the independence, major steps were taken in our country.
Looking into these will help you identify the causes and what steps you can take to mitigate those effects. Pdf on jan 1, 2016, asha gupta and others published water pollution sources, effects and control find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. The major water pollution causes and also the effects are listed here. Water pollution from agriculture has direct negative impacts on human health. The radiations destroy the cells in human body and causes cancer.
Pdf environmental pollution causes and consequences. Attains parent cause category summaries january 2016 report no. Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies e. Environmental pollution has its own causes, effects and solutions. Pdf causes, effects and solution of water polution abdul azeem. Environmental pollution can be defined as a change that is not wished or desired in the chemical, physical, or biological characteristics of any component of the environment air, water, and soil which can cause harmful effects on various or many forms of life. Land pollution is common, and it is important for us all to know about its crippling effects. A longer exposure to radioactive radiations can damage the dna cells that results in cancer, genetic defects for the generations to come and even death. Water pollution causes flooding due to the accumulation of solid waste and soil erosion in streams and rivers.
Water pollution is any change in the physical, chemical or biological properties of water that will have a detrimental consequence of any living organism. Pollution is of different kinds depending on the nature of pollutants and pollutions. Causes and effects of water pollution go green academy. Causes and effects of environmental pollution help save. Looking at specifics, human ingestion of water polluted with arsenic can cause cancer of the lungs, liver, and bladder. Some water pollution effects are recognized immediately, whereas others dont show up for months or years. Pdf causes and health effects of water pollution in domestic. This vast portion of natural resource has become container for numerous waste materials. The causes and effects are often interwoven in complex webs of social, technological, environmental and.
Industrial water pollution is caused by the discharge of harmful chemicals and compounds into water, which makes it unsuitable for drinking and other purposes. Water pollution causes approximately 14,000 deaths per day, mostly due to contamination of drinking water by untreated. Water pollution has become a huge problem in many countries today. The content of sulfur dioxide emitted from the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and other flammable materials from the production is one of the main causes of. Soil pollution types, effects, sources and control of. Categorized study of pollution helps to understand the basics in more detail and produce protocols for the specific types. It increases the temperature of the water causes the death of aquatic fauna and marine species, which later results of water pollution. The contamination could be caused by physical debris such as plastic water bottles or rubber tires, or it could be chemical such as the runoff that finds its way into waterways from factories, farms, cities, cars, sewage treatment facilities, and air pollution. Humans and all living species in the world are facing worst results of polluted water.
The dangers of polluted water increases when people unknowingly use polluted water for daily purposes. Any unnatural and negative changes in all the dimensions like chemical, physical and biological characteristics of. The direct influence is through the physical effects of climatic extremes, whereas the indirect means include the influence on the intensities or level of pollution in the air, on the marine and freshwater systems that provide food and water, as well as the pathogens that cause infectious diseases. Water pollution is when waste, chemicals, or other particles cause a body of water i. The causes and effects of water pollution are very real and something that needs to be continually addressed. Oil does not dissolve in water so it causes suffocation in fish and birds.
Water pollution, the release of substances such as chemicals or microorganisms and energy in the form of radioactivity or heat into surface and subsurface waters to the point where they interfere with beneficial use of the water or with the natural functioning of ecosystems. Environment, essays and paragraphs on february 25, 2017 by teamwork. Water pollution causes and effects the major portion of our planet is occupied by water. The answer to solving pollution is to make changes in our daily habits and pay more attention to the types of products we consume. When the quality or composition of water changes directly or indirectly as a result of mans activities such that it becomes unfit for any useful purpose is said to be polluted. Causes and consequences of water pollution learn how the pollution of rivers, seas and lakes endanger the survival of the planet and all its inhabitants water is a basic resource that guarantees the life of all living beings on the planet. Water pollution affects marine ecosystems, wildlife health, and human wellbeing.
What are the effects of water pollution eschooltoday. The present study investigates the level of awareness about water pollution in delhi, its causes, its health effects and solutions among the youth in delhi. Environmental pollution, types, causes, impact and. Effects of nuclear pollution the effects vary from organism to organism and from level of radioactivity of nuclear isotopes. Water pollution is a major problem in the global context. Cause and effect of water pollution in india rajdeep kaur environmental science 101 professor mark ditter october 8, 2014 abstract water is one of the natural resources that human beings are polluting. Polluted water has effects on both human and aquatic life. An excessive amount of mercury in water can cause minamata disease in humans and dropsy in fishes.742 196 440 775 1049 912 1621 381 162 1287 419 1157 1196 23 203 845 152 154 1105 1100 602 1293 989 931 678 1255 453 736 1576 240 781 678 1466 403 352 353 2 916 1379 130 374 1001 1204